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A highly adaptable trailer can transport goods ranging from household items and hospitality products to a wide variety of foods and beverages. Every day, thousands of palletized products are shipped in dry box trailers; and with proper packaging, shipping cargo can be very profitable.
Getting the most out of your shipping costs, no matter how often you ship, depends on planning. Once you know how many pallets are being shipped, you can be sure of your shipping methods. Planning what kind of vehicles you need and budgeting for them is almost impossible without knowing the load size. Knowing how many pallets can fit in a truck is critical to the success of your supply chain and business.
Let's take a look at 53ft trailer pallet loading patterns, how it works, and how you can maximize your shipments.
What are the dimensions of a typical 53-foot trailer?
While these trailers come in a variety of sizes, the 53-foot trailer is by far the most popular. The width of these trailers is fairly standard, but it pays to understand the length so you can comply with government regulations and know shipping costs per load.
As it is a type of closed trailer, we consider the internal dimensions for the pallet configuration:
- Anker: The maximum width capacity of a 53-foot cargo trailer ranges from 98 to 100 inches, with 100 inches being the most common.
- Longo: The maximum loaded length of a 53-foot trailer is 53 feet (636 inches).
- Height: The maximum loading height of a 53-foot trailer ranges from 108 to 110 inches, with 108 inches being most common.
- Weight: The maximum load weight of a 53-foot trailer ranges from 42,000 to 45,000 pounds, depending on the trailer and the number of pallets on a truck.
Any product that exceeds these dimensions cannot be transported on a standard 53-foot trailer pallet loading as it is an enclosed trailer. However, these numbers are important to know, as they help determine pallet configuration and how many can fit in a truck.
What are the dimensions of a typical pallet?
To save you the math problems, a 53-foot trailer can typically carry 26 standard 42" x 48" pallets. An experienced hauler can pack 30 40"x48" onto a pallet. Pallets average 5.5 inches tall, although they can be custom-made and dimensions can vary.
How much do the shovels weigh?
Loading pallets onto a trailer takes skill and planning. Not only are the dimensions important, the weight must also be evenly distributed. In the largest dimension, 48"x48", a new pallet ready to support up to 2500 lbs. The carrying capacity of pallets is affected by many factors and it is crucial to select pallets that can support the weight of items being transported.
Of course, the pallet you need will vary from industry to industry, depending on what you're shipping. However, the dimensions of the skids, including the weight of the load and skids, will determine the appearance of the 53-foot trailer skid load chart.
How pallet weight affects total weight limit
Maximizing your trailer space for maximum profit per shipment should be one of your overall delivery goals; If you know the weight of your pallets, you'll know how many pallets fit in a 53-foot trailer. If you skip this important step, you could be losing money by not packing your trailer efficiently.
It is also important to note that every state is different when it comes to weight laws and protocols, so fleets need to be careful when planning shipping arrangements. Depending on the total weight, you can understand how many pallets fit in a truck without exceeding the trailer limit. As we discussed, a typical sized pallet can support up to 2,500 pounds. However, there is capacity to carry 4,500 pounds in a pallet load. When loading pallets, care must be taken to ensure that the weight distribution is even without exceeding the DOT weight limit. This is necessary for trailer stability as well as DOT compliance when checking as an inspection station.
If your cargo needs to carry a heavier load, consider investing in custom pallets to get a proper pallet configuration that ensures trailer balance.
In accordance with commercial vehicle laws, the combined weight of the semitrailer and trailer and the weight of its cargo cannot exceed 80,000 pounds. While that sounds like a lot of weight, keep in mind that 53-foot trailers typically weigh around 33,000 to 36,000 pounds each, leaving you with 44,000 to 47,000 pounds to work with.
Think of the trailer's rear axles - you don't want to interfere with the truck's ability to move. There are even government regulations for each type of trailer regarding weight restrictions. However, don't expect to move as many pallets loaded on skids as you would with products with no space constraints. For that reason, it's good to know in advance the shipping and pattern design you need to use to meet the shipping cost.
Standard 53-foot trailer load
With the increasing demand for goods in recent years, carriers and freight forwarding companies have developed strategies to maximize available space for trailers carrying pallets in a variety of ways to handle today's influx of truck demand. The number of pallets that can fit on a 53-foot trailer depends on the pallet configuration as well as the weight of the pallet load.
To move your cargo properly, transport pallets of cargo on a trailer in a specific pattern. Let's look at each pallet's configuration to determine what works best for your shipment.
To the right
You will use the straight pattern when loading all of your products shipped onto full-size pallets. This is the most common way to optimize trailer space. They load the cargo directly onto the trailer, leaving enough space to secure the goods.
The advantage of direct pattern loading is a fast loading time compared to all other techniques. Disadvantages are possible movement during transport and inefficient use of all trailer space.
The twisted pattern you will find works best with non-standard sized pallets. Load them in a configuration where the longer side has more space lengthwise, which can result in more products being loaded for delivery.
The benefit of rotating pallets in this pattern provides little movement, keeping merchandise secure. The only potential downside is ensuring that used pallets can be handled safely from either side.
The number of pallets that fit in a 53-foot trailer probably depends on whether you use the Windlass pattern. This pattern allows you to place more pallets, six more than the straight pattern. In width and length, you can use the space in a trailer from all directions. Also, locking the load with this pattern increases stability for transport. However, if you are short on time or have an urgent delivery, you might not have time to use this type of layout as it is time consuming.
How should I maximize the space in my 53ft trailer?
The total number of pallets that can be loaded on a trailer varies depending on the size of the pallets. Because trailers transport a wide variety of items, the length and width of pallets used can vary. If your pallets are 48 x 40 inches and your trailer is 53 feet long, you could load 26 pallets in a straight pattern on a trailer floor.
This is not unrealistic as maximizing your shipping costs is critical to the success of your business and shipping the remaining pallets does not count against your budget. The swivel or hinged pattern allows you to store 28-30 pallets in total, providing extra space compared to the straight pattern.
Before every shipment, have the 53-foot Trailer Pallet Loading Chart ready so you can track costs and prove efficiency to your customers and fleet. Everything will be based on what is needed for a successful delivery with good use of resources.
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Ship goods with confidence with the Hale Trailer
In the freight forwarding industry, as a freight forwarder, positioning your product well for transport prepares it for optimal delivery. You can be more confident in the safety of your fleet by stacking pallets to the safest standard. The quality of your shipping methods will speak for your business. Get it right every time by planning your pattern chart in advance so there are no guesswork when loading pallets onto a trailer.
Our group strives to become a leader in the trucking industry. We can help you organize your pallets for smooth delivery to your customers today. We have a wide range of road trailers that can be purchased or rented. To learn more about how we can help you, browse our online collection or visit one of ourour locations.